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Picea: abies - polita

 

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Plant Name Habit Zone Rate Color Description
Picea abies 'Acrocona' Broad Upright  3 Intermediate Green Even when young, this delightful conifer develops remarkable, raspberry-red cones on the tips of its branches in spring. The unusual coning habit tends to modify growth rate and shape and to produce a broad, spreading pyramid, which becomes wider than tall with age. Known since 1890, when found in a forest near Uppsala, Sweden, the plant has an apt name, 'Acrocona', which means "with terminal cones on the ends of the branches".
Picea abies 'Barryi' Broad Upright  3 Dwarf Green This slow-growing Norway Spruce changes shape as it ages, from a diminutive globe when young to an upright, broad spire at maturity. Short, dark green needles and many brown buds densely cover the stout, rigid branches. Although 'Barryi' develops its characteristic shape slowly, it is well worth the wait.
Picea abies 'Clanbrassiliana Stricta' Broad Upright  4 Intermediate Green Named for Lord Clanbrassil of Ireland, who introduced several Picea abies cultivars during the late 18th century, this selection matures slowly into a beautifully compact, broadly pyramidal plant---the ideal shape for a dwarf Christmas tree.
Picea abies 'Cobra' Broad Upright  3 Large Green Each example of this new seedling selection from Iseli Nursery has its own wildly unique character that combines the ground-covering qualities of its parent, Picea abies 'Pendula', with the bizarre, snake-like branching of Picea abies 'Virgata'. When staked, trees have a relatively tall, straight, sparsely branched main trunk and a thick, ground-hugging skirt that radiates outward with dancing, cobra-like leaders. Best in full sun.
Picea abies 'Cupressina' Narrow Upright  4 Large Green The narrow, fastigiate form of 'Cupressina' is in high demand for urban and boundary plantings where strong vertical accents are required. This selection grows quite quickly and withstands snow loads better than other fastigiate types.
Picea abies 'Elegans' Spreading 3 Dwarf Green The densely arranged, slightly ascending branches of this dark green, flat-topped, dwarf nest spruce will add classy elegance to any garden. Plants break bud and develop bright green new growth earlier in spring than other nest types. Use the irregularly rounded, slow-growing, spreading plant as a low garden accent.
Picea abies
'Fat Cat'
Globe Shaped 3 Dwarf Green A dense, rounded form of the bird's-nest-type Norway Spruce, this uniformly globose selection is a blown up version of 'Little Gem.' It has very short, stiff needles and short shoots that give it the appearance of a rotund, green cat, curled up in a ball for a snooze. Iseli Nursery acquired the plant, a witch's broom from Picea abies 'Graciosa', in 1994 and officially named it for a tubby, slumbering feline. Extremely hardy, reliable and slow-growing, this kitty creates a presence in the landscape, but don't try to pet its "fur".
Picea abies 'Formanek' Prostrate 3 Dwarf Green This radically prostrate, slow-growing form of Norway Spruce will become a densely matted, spreading carpet over time. If staked up, its strongly weeping branches cascade down and create a pendulous form. Unstaked, it is the perfect plant to creep over and around rocks.
Picea abies 'Frohburg' Weeping 3 Intermediate Green This narrower form of Weeping Norway Spruce offers a strictly pendulous habit with a full, spreading skirt and a slower growth rate. A finer texture is the result of shorter, slender, medium green needles. Use this choice selection for landscapes with limited space. Introduced by A. Haller Nursery, Switzerland in 1973.
Picea abies 'Gregoryana Parsonsii' Broad Upright  3 Dwarf Green An irregular, dwarfed alpine shape makes this selection the perfect rock garden specimen. It sports relatively thick, green needles, tan stems and bright brown buds. Longer, flatter needles and a slightly more open habit distinguish 'Gregoryana Parsonsii' from 'Gregoryana'.
Picea abies 'Hildburghausen' Broad Upright 3 Dwarf Green Short, very dark green needles are closely spaced on short stiff shoots creating a tight compact appearance. 'Hildburghausen' is globe shaped for many years, but eventually becomes wider than tall. This symmetrical gem works well in the rock garden or the small landscape where it will stay in scale with miniature and other slow growing plants.
Picea abies 'Hillside Upright' Narrow Upright  3 Intermediate Green A rare and unique form of Norway spruce, 'Hillside Upright' is considered a "natural sculpture". A distinct green foliage over rust colored stems accent a rugged yet elegant appearance suitable for any type of garden setting. A truly carefree plant for the urban environment. Plant in full sun whenever possible.
Picea abies 'Jessy' Globe Shaped 3 Miniature Green A seedling selection found in 1982, 'Jessy' is a true gem for the dwarf conifer enthusiast. Abundant, itty-bitty buds accent a dense load of little needles that cover many mini-branches on this tiny plant. The original is less than 2' wide after 25 years.
Picea abies 'Lanham's Beehive' Globe Shaped 3 Dwarf Green The late Gary Lanham found this unusual, boldly textured, compact Norway Spruce in 1994 in Kentucky, a witch's broom nearly 10' up in a mature Picea abies. Intrigued by the interesting beehive form, Gary took it to Klein's Nursery in Louisville, and from there, it made its way to Iseli Nursery. The needles of 'Lanham's Beehive' are longer and thicker than other dwarf cultivars and they have a slight glaucous tint. These features, combined with prominent, cinnamon-colored stems and buds, create a dramatic effect.
Picea abies 'Little Gem' Globe Shaped 4 Dwarf Green Tufts of tiny green needles cover the many short shoots of this dense, tight bun. Originally a witch's broom on 'Nidiformis' and more ball-like than its parent, it was discovered in 1958 and has been an extremely popular plant ever since. Its tough constitution and restrained growth assure good performance in a variety of garden situations where it resembles a lush, green pincushion.
Picea abies 'Motala' Globe Shaped 3 Dwarf Green A unique needle arrangement and color give this novel form of Norway Spruce a distinctive look. Blunt-tipped needles radiate out and downward on short, stout, vertical branches, which produces an Abies-like appearance. Minute, glaucous striations on needle tops complement the color with a silver-blue cast. This attractive selection, rarely found in the trade, enhances any landscape.
Picea abies 'Mucronata' Broad Upright  4 Dwarf Green A dark green, compact selection, this irregularly mounding spruce produces thick, stiff shoots with large, brown buds. Plants grow slowly when young, but as they mature, the rate of growth accelerates and they eventually develop leaders with several sub-leaders.
Picea abies 'Nidiformis' Spreading 3 Dwarf Green A well-known, flat-topped, nest-type spruce, this broadly rounded, symmetrical plant produces layers of dense, horizontal or slightly ascending branches. It grows very slowly and becomes much wider than tall with a nest-like depression in the center after many years. Refreshing light green.
Picea abies 'Pendula' Weeping 3 Large Green The dark green, Weeping Norway Spruce can be staked and trained into an outstanding upright specimen, or it can be allowed to grow as an undulating groundcover that drapes over slopes and walls. Plant a row of young 'Pendula' plants with stake and wire supports to train them into a narrow, living fence.
Picea abies 'Pumila' Globe Shaped 3 Dwarf Green Unusually uniform branches, covered with short, dark-green needles, point up and out on this distinct, nest-style spruce. When young, it has a more rounded habit than the familiar, flatter types, but it eventually spreads out with age too. New growth appears later in the season than it does on other nest types.
Picea abies 'Pusch' Globe Shaped 3 Dwarf Green Named Collector's Conifer of the Year in 2008, this small, slow-growing Norway Spruce, a witch's broom from 'Acrocona', produces loads of bright red cones on many short shoots in spring. The tiny cones brown as they age, but continue to decorate the irregular, dwarf variety year-round. Globose when young, the small spruce develops an upright broad shape with maturity. It is extremely hardy and grows well in full sun or part shade. From the former East Germany. Limited Availability
Picea abies 'Rubra Spicata' Broad Upright  3 Large Green/Red For about two weeks in spring, deep red new growth gives this uncommon cultivar a surprising look for a spruce. Gradually, the foliage changes to reddish-brown and then to green. Although it grows less quickly than the species, 'Rubra Spicata' eventually becomes a large tree with an open habit. Found in Czechoslovakia in 1973, propagated in England, and introduced to the United States in 1981.
Picea abies 'Sherwood Compact' Narrow Upright  4 Intermediate Green Site this narrow, pyramidal tree where its strongly ascending branches can develop into a mid-size, distinctly upright cone in the landscape. In addition to size and shape, the cultivar produces many soft-brown shoots and clean-green needles. Use it as a specimen in a small space that deserves a big impact or use it as part of a privacy wall. Another great selection from nurseryman Andy Sherwood of Oregon.
Picea abies 'Thumbelina' Globe Shaped 3 Miniature Green This extremely dense, tiny Norway Spruce was found at Iseli Nursery as a witch's broom on Picea abies 'Gregoryana Parsonsii', a dwarf alpine gem in its own right. More globose than its parent, the tight cushion of sharp, short needles puts on a nice winter decoration: prominent brown buds for seasonal interest.
Picea abies 'Tompa' Broad Upright  3 Dwarf Green Fresh green needles and a compact habit make this slow-growing Norway Spruce a great choice for smaller landscapes and rock gardens. Its wide, conical shape resembles the well-known Alberta Spruce for which it is a superior alternative.
Picea abies 'Witches' Brood' Broad Upright  3 Dwarf Green This green, dwarf spruce has a gumdrop shape when young, but it matures into a small tree with a broad, conical form. Short, slender needles and tan buds, arranged closely on light brown, gently curved shoots, give the cultivar, found as a witch's broom seedling selection by Linc Foster, an appealing look.
Picea bicolor (alcoquiana)
'Howell's Dwarf'
Broad Upright  5 Large Bluish Green The most colorful of all bicolors, this selection boasts needles with bright, silver-blue undersides, green tops and a tint of yellow on the most exposed surfaces. A flat-topped bush when young, it eventually develops into a pyramidal tree, or you can maintain its flat form by removing upward shoots that start from rose-purple buds.
Picea englemannii 'Fritsche' Broad Upright 3 Large Blue When young, this vigorous tree will grow strongly upright with broadly sweeping branches. Those branches become adorned with pendulous branchlets that fall immediately downward, giving the tree an appearance of being draped in a flowing robe. As the older branches mature, they too begin to droop creating a specimen of majestic, yet graceful beauty. Long, thin, grayish blue green needles give this tree a soft texture and satisfying color.
Picea glauca 'Blue Planet' Globe Shaped 4 Miniature Bluish Green Covered with some of the tiniest needles on the planet, this miniature bun is a reliable choice for tight garden spaces. The short, thin needles have a slight blue cast which complements the true greens and blues in the landscape. Excellent selection for the railway garden, troughs, and rock garden. Expose to full sun in moist, well-drained soil.
Picea glauca 'Conica' Narrow Upright  4 Dwarf Green The classic Dwarf Alberta Spruce may well be the most popular, familiar, dwarf conifer in cultivation. It grows slowly into a perfectly conical, small tree with a thick coating of fine, green needles. Its perfect form, compact growth and dense foliage make it ideal for entry, container and landscape. It responds well to shearing and shaping for topiary too. Found at Lake Leggan, Alberta, Canada, by Prof. J.G. Jack and Alfred Rehder of the Arnold Arboretum in 1904, it appreciates consistent moisture, good nutrition and an occasional blast from the garden hose during summer to increase pest resistance.
Picea glauca 'Echiniformis' Globe Shaped 3 Miniature Bluish Green Short, blue-green needles with a hint of gray cover this low, slow-growing, compact cushion of a conifer. Its dense network of tiny branches and its sharp needles work together to create an animated pincushion plant that makes a great addition to rock and trough gardens.  Prune out any errant branches to maintain the tight, rounded form. 
Picea glauca 'Elf' Globe Shaped 4 Miniature Green This Alberta-type gem grows extremely slowly and forms a dense globe with short, fine needles that emerge blue-green in spring. Ideal for rock garden, trough or miniature railroad. A witch's broom found on Picea glauca 'Conica'.
Picea glauca 'Hobbit' Globe Shaped 4 Dwarf Green This short, plump selection of Picea glauca 'Conica' exhibits the same likeability as its namesake, Bilbo Baggins from JRR Tolkien's The Hobbit.  Like Baggins, the small, reliable Alberta-type is half-size, well behaved and hard working. Tiny, green needles on upright branches give the globe-shaped young 'Hobbit' charm and contribute to its appeal as it matures into a wide cone. Provide ample moisture for this adaptable cultivar discovered at Iseli Nursery.
Picea glauca 'Humpty Dumpty' Broad Upright  4 Dwarf Green The habit of this extremely dense, Alberta-type plant explains it name: short and plump, kind of egg-shaped, like Humpty Dumpty. With nearly equal base width and height, it forms an almost perfect pyramid that is only two-thirds the size of 'Conica.' Found as a witch's broom and introduced by Iseli Nursery.
Picea glauca 'Jean's Dilly'® Narrow Upright  4 Dwarf Green Pronounced "John's" Dilly, this extraordinary, Alberta-type selection bears the name of dwarf conifer pioneer Jean Iseli. It was named by his brother, Andre', to note the plant's remarkable qualities. Much smaller, denser and slower growing than other Alberta types, its short, fine needles display a distinctive twist during the growing season. Spring growth starts about 3-4 weeks later than 'Conica's. Found at Iseli Nursery in 1981, this signature plant is a fitting choice to honor the co-founder of Iseli Nursery.
Picea glauca 'Little Globe' Globe Shaped 3 Dwarf Green Medium-green foliage and large, prominent buds distinguish this compact, globe-shaped conifer. Its slow, consistent growth assures a neat shape without shearing, making it an excellent conifer to contribute shape, color and texture to rock garden, courtyard or landscape. Found as a witch's broom on the species.
Picea glauca 'North Star' Narrow Upright  3 Intermediate Green Selected for its resilience to harsh winter conditions, this sturdy, compact White Spruce produces a densely branched, classic pyramid that is covered with medium-green needles. Its moderate growth rate and ultimate, intermediate size, together with superior hardiness make this introduction from Iseli Nursery ideal for use in larger, more exposed spaces, mixed borders and beds.
Picea glauca 'Pendula' Weeping 2 Intermediate Bluish Green Jean Iseli "rediscovered" this outstanding weeping selection in 1982 at the Morton Arboretum in Illinois, where a specimen had grown since 1958. Iseli fell in love with the distinctive tree's formal, narrow, conical shape and its pendulous, stiffly held, drooping branches and loads of light, gray-green foliage. The original tree was propagated by D. Hill Nursery from a tree in a native stand near Guelph, Ontario. The elegant, dramatic conifer was nearly lost to cultivation.
Picea glauca 'Pixie' Narrow Upright  4 Dwarf Green This tiny, Alberta-type selection of Picea glauca has short, dark-green needles with a slight blue cast. Much more dense and compact than 'Conica', it also displays a prominent show of large, round buds that give the tree a decorated look. A petite, narrow accent for rock garden, trough, courtyard or landscape.
Picea glauca 'Pixie Dust' Narrow Upright  4 Miniature Green/Yellow Extremely dense, compact and slow growing, this miniature selection resembles 'Conica' in form, but offers a special feature. When the second flush of growth emerges in summer, the new tips are yellow, a surprising effect that contrasts dramatically with the deep-green, mature foliage. Chosen by the American Conifer Society as 2006 Collector's Conifer of the Year, this adaptable cultivar produces a magical effect in trough, container or rock garden. Provide ample moisture and full sun for the best color on this sport of 'Pixie' that was discovered at Iseli Nursery.
Picea glauca 'Rainbow's End'® Narrow Upright  4 Dwarf Green/Yellow Superior seasonal color makes 'Rainbow's End'« a brilliant addition to the summer garden. A second flush of growth transforms the light-green, conical tree in mid-summer into a beacon of bright lemon-yellow. Although similar in size and shape to 'Conica,' the extraordinary color of this tree offers a dramatic summer surprise. Found as a mutation at Iseli Nursery in 1978, it appreciates consistent moisture, good nutrition and an occasional blast from the garden hose during summer to increase pest resistance.
Picea glauca 'Sanders Blue' Narrow Upright  4 Dwarf Bluish Green 'Sanders Blue' is an attractive, Alberta-type spruce that displays a medley of foliage color as needles change at different rates from bright slate-blue to more on the green side. Similar in size and shape to 'Conica', the pointed, conical conifer makes a novel, seemingly textural, focal point that produces the best color in colder climates.
Picea glauca 'The Limey Broad Upright 2 Large Yellow Fresh, new foliage emerges each spring with a bright lemon-lime color. Short needles adorn open branching that will fill in with maturity. As the season progresses, the exposed topsides of the needles remain a pleasant yellow while the undersides and shaded interior foliage turn lime green creating a striking contrast. ‘The Limey’ thrives in moist, well-drained soil.
Picea glauca 'Yukon Blue' Broad Upright  3 Intermediate Bluish Green Short, electric blue-gray needles and prominent, brown buds at the tips of the branches give this narrow, upright pyramid a distinctive look.  With a slightly faster rate of growth than 'Conica', it makes an exceptional focal point or grouping.
Picea mariana 'Ericoides' Spreading 3 Dwarf Bluish Green Known as the Blue Nest Spruce, this low, full, symmetrical selection is valued for its beautiful blue-green color, its uniform shape, its soft texture and its excellent hardiness. Use it as a spreading accent along border edges or atop a raised knoll. 
Picea mariana 'Golden' Broad Upright  3 Large Bluish Green/Yellow This broad, upright cultivar produces an attractive horizontal branch structure and interesting, colorful foliage. Needles that are primarily blue-green have a creamy yellow frosting, a feature that accentuates the layered look of the large conifer.
Picea omorika 'de Ruyter' Broad Upright  4 Intermediate Bluish Green Texture, color and an irregular sculptural habit give this adaptable, slow-growing Serbian Spruce unique character and make it an excellent focal point for the small garden. Individual shoots display either blue needles for a frosty look, or green needles for a softer look, both on the same plant. The interesting, rustic appearance will accent many garden styles.
Picea omorika 'Gotelli Weeping' Weeping 4 Large Bluish Green This magnificent, formal tree adds height and drama to any garden.  Its youthful, open form matures into a neat, narrow spire with gracefully pendant branches and strictly weeping branchlets. It shares the lovely two-tone appearance with the species, and it tolerates heat and humidity better than most. This tree's beauty and weeping character increase with time and maturity.
Picea omorika 'Kamenz' Spreading 4 Dwarf Bluish Green A beautiful, spreading Serbian Spruce, 'Kamenz' has a distinctive two-tone look.  Short branches covered with typical Picea omorika needles, green on top and silver beneath, show off both colors at once.  With shorter needles and a wider spread than Picea omorika 'Pimoko', the adaptable cultivar complements the form of a bank or slope nicely. Slow-growing and easy, with minimal maintenance.
Picea omorika 'Minima' Globe Shaped 4 Dwarf Bluish Green Upright, short, tidy branches with distinctive, silver and green needles create a dramatic, contrasting backdrop for loads of cinnamon-colored buds. Use this wonderful, tight, round bun in the rock or entry garden or in a trough or container.
Picea omorika 'Nana' Broad Upright  4 Dwarf Bluish Green A beautiful, compact form of the Serbian Spruce, this selection has dark green needles with white stomatal bands on the undersides, which give the plant a distinctive silvery aura. Its form is dense and globose when young, but it develops into a dramatic broad pyramid with age.
Picea omorika 'Pendula Bruns' Weeping 4 Intermediate Bluish Green This tall, spire-like focal point has the narrowest silhouette of all the large, upright Serbian Spruce cultivars. Its strictly weeping branches boast two-tone needles that are deep, greenish blue on top and silvery beneath. A selection from Bruns Nursery in Germany.
Picea omorika 'Peve Tijin' Broad Upright 4 Dwarf Bluish/Yellow Two-tone needles are a classic characteristic of Picea omorika, but this selection is special in that the top of the needles are a pleasant yellow. The yellow combines with the silvery undersides to create a frosted appearance. Globe shaped when young, it develops into an upright broad shape with age. Tolerant of full sun, the yellow color maintains well during the heat of summer.
Picea omorika 'Pimoko' Broad Upright  4 Dwarf Bluish Green Color and texture set 'Pimoko' apart from other dwarf Serbian Spruce selections. The showy, dark green needles, accented with a bluish cast and silvery undersides, seem to sparkle. Reddish brown buds add to the effect too. Globe-shaped when young, this superb rock garden plant develops multiple leaders and an upright, broad shape with maturity.
Picea omorika 'Silberblue' Broad Upright  4 Large Bluish Green Bright and bushy, this omorika has classic two-tone needles that display a bright silver-blue against a green interior. A wide spreading base supports a sweeping upright peak. Very attractive when planted in deep, rich, well-drained soil in full sun.
Picea orientalis 'Aureospicata' Broad Upright  4 Large Green/Yellow An explosion of brilliant, yellow spring growth provides a fantastic contrast against the mature, short, dark green needles of this spruce until mid-summer. The tall, stately tree grows slowly into a narrowly pyramidal form with a full skirt of lower branches that arch gracefully out and down. Use this dramatic spruce as a specimen or as a focal point in urban or suburban landscapes where it will have space to develop. The northwest based plant awards program Great Plant Picks, selected 'Aureospicata' in 2006.
Picea orientalis 'Early Gold' Broad Upright  4 Large Green/Yellow A stately Oriental Spruce similar to 'Aureospicata,' this selection pushes a yellow flush of new growth two weeks earlier and its short needles remain a greenish yellow rather than turning dark green. Rarely found in cultivation.
Picea orientalis 'Gowdy' Broad Upright  4 Large Green Very short, glossy, dark-green needles, held close to the stems of this narrow selection, give the well-defined, recurved, sweeping branches a distinctive appearance. The soft-to-the-touch spruce develops into a stately accent that stands out among other greens in the landscape.
Picea orientalis 'Mount Vernon' Globe Shaped 5 Miniature Green This soft-needled spruce has a crisp look and prominently displays myriad buds amid short, dark green needles. The well-behaved, bun-like plant is ideal for limited spaces, including troughs, rock gardens, and smaller landscapes.
Picea orientalis 'Shadow's Broom' Broad Upright  4 Dwarf Green Discovered as a witch's broom by Don Shadow and given to Jean Iseli in 1984, this beautiful selection produces bright, spring-green new growth that quickly matures to one of the darkest, richest greens in the conifer world. Short, closely held, shiny, green needles cover the tree's ascending, rigid branches. When young, 'Shadow's Broom' frequently displays a funnel-like center. As it matures, a leader develops and it slowly becomes a broad, mounding specimen.
Picea orientalis 'Skylands' Broad Upright  4 Large Yellow Bold, but not gaudy, this full, upright spruce is an excellent choice for adding bright, year-round color to a large garden. Its fine, spiky needles emerge electric yellow in spring and gradually soften to a rich gold that stands out against the dark green, interior foliage. Trees develop slowly in the early years, but achieve a habit typical of the species in time. Best color in full sun, although protection may be warranted in scorching summer climates.
Picea orientalis 'Tom Thumb' Globe Shaped 4 Miniature Yellow Striking golden fingers of tight foliage point out from the center of this attractive layered globe. The combination of brightly colored needles, extremely slow growth, and compact nest shape make 'Tom Thumb' desirable for small garden spaces, tucked beneath taller trees or in trough or rock gardens. For best color, site in plenty of sun, but protect from super hot conditions. Chosen by the American Conifer Society as 2007 Collector's Conifer of the Year, this compact sport from 'Skylands' prefers ample moisture and rich, well-drained soil in full sun or part shade.
 

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