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Tsuga

 

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Plant Name Habit Zone Rate Color Description
Tsuga canadensis 'Abbott's Pygmy' Globe Shaped 4 Miniature Green Don't step on this mini-conifer, which is among the smallest of any in the genus. Site it where the tiny globe with its miniature, dark-green leaves will be easy to see, in a trough, rock garden or raised bed. Despite its diminutive size, the plant is tough and hardy, but it does appreciate protection from hot afternoon sun.
Tsuga canadensis 'Albospica' Broad Upright  4 Intermediate White This lovely, open hemlock has been cultivated and enjoyed since 1866. Its foliage has snowy-white tips that contrast dramatically against the mature, dark-green needles. A single tree contributes a large, elegant flash of brilliance to brighten the shade garden.
Tsuga canadensis 'Ashfield Weeper' Weeping 4 Large Green The long, arching branches of this erect, irregularly-shaped canadensis have pendulous branchlets covered with lots of dark-green needles that are bigger than those of the species. The tree's smooth, gray bark combines with its swooping branches, draping branchlets and small cones and buds to create a uniquely elegant look in the landscape. Use it as a specimen to anchor a formal bed or entry planting.
Tsuga canadensis 'Aurea Compacta' Broad Upright  4 Dwarf Yellow This slow-growing hemlock produces graceful tiers of branches in an open, architectural form with outer needles that turn brilliant yellow where the sun hits them. The tree, which tolerates shade, will be a bright courtyard shrub or a dramatic understory tree, especially with protection from hot, dry extremes.
Tsuga canadensis 'Bacon Cristate' Broad Upright  4 Dwarf Green Very unusual needles and shoots define this extremely dwarf, cristate hemlock that was found in the wild in northern New Jersey about 1925 by Ralph Bacon. Similar to, but smaller and darker than 'Jervis', this selection produces both ultra-dense, bright green foliage and short, dark green, twisted needles with white striations on the reverse. The gnarly, irregular plant prefers part shade, moist, well-drained soil and protection from drying winds.
Tsuga canadensis 'Betty Rose' Globe Shaped 4 Miniature White An extremely slow-growing mound with an irregular shape, this delicate selection produces white-tipped foliage that takes on a blush of light pink in spring. Although difficult to propagate, the tiny hemlock has many qualities a conifer collector desires: foliage, color and a tight, petite form.
Tsuga canadensis 'Cole's Prostrate' Prostrate 4 Dwarf Green An outstanding, underutilized hemlock, this spreading cultivar has stiff main branches that knuckle under and bend downwards to create a truly prostrate form. Gnarly interior branches show off the plant's silver bark, which adds dimension to the exceptional, low plant. Use the garden gem to drape over or around stones or walls in a site with partial shade.
Tsuga canadensis 'Dawsoniana' Broad Upright  4 Intermediate Green Extremely attractive tufts of short, bright-green needles give the gracefully arching shoots of this compact, multi-stemmed plant a dense look. Selected by Jackson Dawson at the Hunnewell Arboretum in 1927, it grows slowly, but attains a full, bushy form. Among the most attractive of the wide-leafed cultivars.
Tsuga canadensis 'Forest Fountain' Broad Upright  4 Intermediate Green A small, pyramidal tree with deep-green foliage, this selection has branches that arch upward in the shape of a fountain. Plant the extraordinary sculptural plant as a focal point or as part of an informal grouping. Formerly called 'Dwarf Upright,' it was found and introduced by John Mitsch, Aurora, Oregon.
Tsuga canadensis 'Gentsch White' Globe Shaped 4 Intermediate White Brighten a shady spot with this variegated, globose shrub. Its creamy-white branch tips are especially intense in fall and winter, and an annual shearing will maintain a compact habit and encourage new, white growth. From Otto Gentsch, Long Island, New York.
Tsuga canadensis 'Golden Splendor' Broad Upright  4 Large Yellow This graceful, elegant, fast-growing Canadian Hemlock resembles the species in all but color: this one, introduced by John Mitsch, Aurora, Oregon, is golden. Unlike other golden cultivars, it tolerates full sun and produces brighter color with more exposure. 'Golden Splendor' makes a dramatic specimen tree or it can be sheared into a golden hedge.
Tsuga canadensis 'Hornbeck' Globe Shaped 4 Miniature Green Tiny, flat needles and many brown buds provide a dense covering for this tight, irregularly mounding hemlock. The durable, adaptable plant, which is bigger than 'Abbott's Pygmy' and smaller than 'Jervis', grows slowly and offers an attractive, in-between size for smaller spaces, where the delicate, green foliage and informal shape lend texture and form.
Tsuga canadensis 'Horsford' Globe Shaped 4 Miniature Green Alpine plants tend to hunker down and stay small as a defense against the forces of winter. This mini-conifer demonstrates such characteristics, with a dense, irregular growth habit and a miniature scale. Foliage has a variety of looks, from congested to more open, which adds to the small plant's alpine charm. Enjoy it in rock garden, trough or container.
Tsuga canadensis 'Horsford Contorted' Broad Upright  4 Dwarf Green Tiny needles grow thickly along the twisted branches and coiled, contorted branchlets of this unique, surprisingly attractive tree. The curious branching pattern accounts for the plant's nickname "Pig Tails", which accurately describes the look. Site the conversation-piece plant in a container or near patio-seating for fun.
Tsuga canadensis 'Hussi' Broad Upright  4 Dwarf Green This dark-green cultivar, found more than a century ago (1900) by John F. Huss, Hartford, Connecticut, is still an attractive selection for small gardens. It grows slowly into an irregular form with an upright habit, short, twiggy branches and prominent buds.
Tsuga canadensis 'Jacqueline Verkade' Globe Shaped 4 Dwarf Green The tiny, dark-green needles, widely spaced at the tips of branches, give this selection an open look, while simultaneously maintaining a dense interior. Found as a seedling at Verkade Nursery, Wayne, New Jersey, it has a small, rounded shape in youth, which develops into a conical form with age.
Tsuga canadensis 'Jean Iseli' Spreading 4 Dwarf Green 'Jean Iseli' is a treasure for the collector's garden: a slow-growing, low, spreading form, with short, green needles. Its delicate texture comes from tertiary branchlets, only 1-1/2 times longer than the needles, which break bud intermittently along new growth. An Ed Wood seedling selection named in honor of dwarf conifer pioneer Jean Iseli.
Tsuga canadensis 'Jeddeloh' Spreading 4 Dwarf Green A dwarf, spreading mound, often referred to as Bird's Nest Hemlock, this seedling cultivar has a unique, depressed, funnel shape at its center. The slow-growing plant has bright green foliage with feathery, arching tips. Discovered by Jeddeloh Nursery in a cemetery in Germany in 1950.
Tsuga canadensis 'Jervis' Broad Upright  4 Dwarf Green Dense branching, a broad, pyramidal form and congested, dark-green foliage are similar to, but more compact than 'Hussi.' Plants grow slowly into irregular, upright forms with prominent buds and short, twiggy growth.
Tsuga canadensis 'Julianne' Spreading 4 Dwarf Green Medium-green, narrow needles are widely spaced and attached at an upward angle on the branches. It has a distinctive habit for a Canadian Hemlock: a multi-stemmed, almost fastigiate, branching structure that exposes the silver-white needle undersides and gives 'Julianne' both a feathery texture and a lighter green appearance.
Tsuga canadensis 'Kelsey's Weeping' Weeping 4 Intermediate Green 'Kelsey's Weeping' is unique among pendulous types because of its asymmetrical growth habit. The tree's secondary branches spread out and form a scaffold from which pendulous, younger branches hang and produce a full, layered, weeping form.
Tsuga canadensis 'Moon Frost' Globe Shaped 4 Dwarf White Bright, white, new growth with older, inner foliage that retains a light tone combine to give this plant a distinctly white appearance. In winter, foliage of the seedling, developed by Ed Wood, takes on a blush of pink. A compact globe when young, 'Moon Frost' broadens and increases its growth rate with age, but remains a reliably small, dwarf plant.
Tsuga canadensis 'Pendula' Weeping 4 Large Green The popular weeping form of Canadian Hemlock is widely known and used, especially when it is staked and trained to develop height and character. Pendulous branches form a thick exterior "shell" of foliage that covers the plant's interior structural scaffold.
Tsuga canadensis 'Slenderella' Narrow Upright  4 Intermediate Green This trim tree has a tall, narrow habit with long, slender branches that are clothed with short needles. It makes an excellent backdrop or screening plant for limited spaces, especially in the shade garden.
Tsuga canadensis 'Summer Snow' Broad Upright  4 Intermediate White The new spring growth of this cultivar is white, which produces a striking contrast against the dark-green interior foliage on the fast-growing, upright, broad plant. Its size, shape and colorful growth make it an extremely useful highlight for shade gardens. Originally propagated by John Mitsch, Aurora, Oregon.  
Tsuga caroliniana 'LaBar Weeping' Weeping 5 Intermediate Green This Carolina Weeping Hemlock has dense mounds of arching shoots that produce a spiky appearance. Slender, dark-green needles are widely spaced along reddish-brown stems on the Appalachian native, and they turn up to expose prominent, white stomatal bands. Plant the specimen to drape over and around stones or walls.
Tsuga diversifolia 'Gracilis' Broad Upright  4 Dwarf Green This dwarf selection of Japanese Hemlock has the shortest needles of the hemlocks. Dark-green and rounded, they are congested on the interior and more widely spaced on the newer growth. Dense and rounded when young, 'Gracilis' develops an irregular habit with stiff, stout leaders that have weeping tips.
Tsuga diversifolia 'Loowit' Globe Shaped 4 Dwarf Green Small, blunt needles look like green grains of rice interspersed with tiny brown buds. Diminutive branches crowded with branchlets form a tight, congested bun. This dwarf hemlock was selected from seed collected in the high alpine region of Fukushima prefecture, Japan. It was given the Native American name for Mt. St. Helens, Iseli Nursery's famous volcanic neighbor.
Tsuga diversifolia 'Minikin' Broad Uright 4 Dwarf Green Small, wide, green, blunt-tipped needles sit at different angles along reddish brown shoots occasionally exposing their silvery-white undersides to give ‘Minikin’ a special sparkle. Slow growing and globe shaped when young, it will become more vigorous and oval shaped. Hardy and thrives in many climates; tolerant of full sun to shady conditions when planted in well-drained, moist soil.
Tsuga heterophylla 'Iron Springs' Broad Upright  6 Intermediate Green Short, dark-green needles contrast well with the light bark on the very irregular branches of this choice selection of Western Hemlock. It eventually develops a rigid, upright-broad habit, but it grows more slowly than the species. Found at Iron Springs, Washington, and introduced by the University of Washington. Limited Availability
Tsuga heterophylla 'Thorsen's Weeping' Prostrate 6 Dwarf Green Rich, emerald-green foliage is arranged densely on the procumbent branches of this extraordinary small hemlock. When staked, the plant becomes a narrow, upright form with sweeping secondary branches that produce a full, soft look. It is strikingly beautiful both as a cascading form and as a groundcover, allowed to ramble through the understory.
Tsuga mertensiana 'Elizabeth' Spreading 5 Dwarf Bluish Green The sturdy, horizontal branches of this spreading Mountain Hemlock reach out and stay close to the ground. Soft, short, radially-arranged, blue-green needles, make the branches look like fine, blue bottlebrushes. An unusual low profile (roughly three times wider than tall) and striking year-round color make it very desirable. Site it on a bank near water or in an alpine garden. Native to mountains along the Pacific coast, plants prefer plenty of moisture, excellent drainage and protection from hot, dry conditions.
Tsuga mertensiana 'Glacier Peak' Broad Upright 4 Intermediate Blue The sturdy branches of this spreading Mountain Hemlock reach out horizontally and soft, short, blue needles make the branches look like fine blue bottlebrushes. An unusual low profile and striking year-round color make this choice conifer very desirable. Give it plenty of moisture, excellent drainage and protection from hot, dry conditions.
 

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